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Saturday, December 11

Chief of Army Staff, visited South Waziristan Agency

Dated: Tuesday, December 7, 2010

The Chief of Army Staff , General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani visited South Waziristan Agency today to monitor the progress of Quick Impact Projects. These projects are being undertaken by Pakistan Army, in consultation with local tribes and in coordination with the Civil Administration, for social uplift of the affected areas.
COAS visited Higher Secondary School at Makeen in North Waziristan Agency that was rebuilt jointly by Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force as a gesture of support for the locals who suffered in war against terrorism. Air Chief Marshal Rao Qamar Suleman, Chief of Air Staff  inaugurated the school. COAS later performed Earth Breaking of a Model Health facility at Ladha in South Waziristan Agency, being established with the assistance of United Arab Emirate  Government.
COAS thanked UAE Government for the financial assistance and local population for their whole hearted support. He pledged that Pakistan Army will continue working for peace and social progress of the area.
Earlier on arrival in the area, the COAS and CAS were received by the Corps Commander, Lieutenant General Asif Yasin Malik.

                                      Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani alongwith Air Chief Marshal Rao Qamar Suleman, Chief of Air Staff (CAS) visited Higher Secondary School at Makeen in North Waziristan Agency that was rebuilt jointly by Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force today. (07-12-2010)-ISPR

Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani alongwith Air Chief Marshal Rao Qamar Suleman, Chief of Air Staff (CAS) performed Earth Breaking of a Model Health facility at Ladha in South Waziristan Agency, being established with the assistance of United Arab Emirate (UAE) Government today. (07-12-2010) – Photo ISPR

Wednesday, December 8

Anti-Tank Guided Missile was conducted at Tilla Ranges near Jhelum. (5-12-2010)

 photo by ISPR.

Mr Liu Jain, Ambassador of China called on Chief of Army Staff, at General Headquarters today.

Dated: Monday, December 6, 2010 

His Excellency Mr Liu Jain, Ambassador of China called on Chief of Army Staff, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani at General Headquarters today.
The visiting dignitary remained with him for some time and discussed the matters of mutual interest between China Pak Relations.

Mr Liu Jain, Ambassador of China called on Chief of Army Staff, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani at General Headquarters on Monday. (06-12-2010) 

Monday, December 6

Clinton warns of Iranian, Chinese gains in Latin America

WASHINGTON (CNN) -- U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Friday that Iran and China are making "quite disturbing" gains in Central and South America.

In wide-ranging comments on the region, she also said the Obama administration will work to improve relations among even its harshest critics in the Western Hemisphere, including Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, and is looking to the Castro brothers in Cuba for some reciprocal action in response to the president's easing of travel and other restrictions.
Efforts by the Bush administration to isolate certain Latin American leaders had failed, she said, and the United States now must work to counter efforts by China, Iran and Russia to gain influence there.
"What we are doing hasn't worked very well and in fact, if you look at the gains, particularly in Latin American, that Iran is making and China is making, it is quite disturbing," Clinton said at a town hall meeting at the State Department with senior Foreign Service Officers.
"They are building very strong economic and political connections with a lot these leaders. I don't think that is in our interests," she said.
"We have no guarantees here that we can create a better relationship with someone who has a different view of politics, the economy and so much else. But we think it is worth trying to just explore this and see what comes of it," Clinton said.
"I have to say that I don't think -- in today's world that is a multipolar world where we are competing for attention and
relationships with at least the Russians, the Chinese, the Iranians -- that it is in our interests to turn our backs on countries in our own hemisphere."
She pointed to a large Iranian presence in the Nicaraguan capital, Managua, as an example of what other countries are doing in Central and South America.
"We are looking at how to deal with [Nicaraguan President Daniel] Ortega," she said. "The Iranians are building a huge embassy in Managua. You can only imagine what it's for."
Clinton's voice was hoarse, she coughed occasionally and seemed to be nursing a cold, but she made no mention of her health.
On Cuba, Clinton said the United States is awaiting a response from Cuban leaders Raúl and Fidel Castro.
"We would like to see some reciprocity from the Castros on political prisoners, human rights and other matters," she said. "So we are looking at a number of different relationships and trying to figure out whether we can be more productive. My bottom line is what's best for America, how do we try to influence behavior that is more in our interest than not."
Later, Clinton appeared to be fighting back tears when she spoke at a ceremony to honor Foreign Service officers who had been killed in the line of duty.
She spoke about 25-year-old Brian Adkins, who was just beginning his State Department career when he was murdered this year in Ethiopia.
"Please know how grateful we are for his selflessness and service to his country," Clinton said.
Adkins' name and those of three other Foreign Service officers were added to a plaque in the State Department entrance.

Sweden To Boost High North Air, Naval Defenses

HELSINKI - Sweden's capital investments in defense will prioritize weapon procurement and infrastructure improvements to strengthen the military's air and naval capability in the High North, said Defense Ministe.

The strategy is to develop a military with a modular structure and a high degree of readiness that can react to threats against the country, the High North region, and can participate in international peacekeeping missions, Tolgfors(DEFENCE MINISTER) said.

"Our direction in defense has a definite neighborhood perspective, and this impacts on our Air Force and naval capabilities, and their primary tasks are neighborhood-based," he said.
Sweden intends to maintain 100 Gripen C/D combat and reconnaissance aircraft, a capability that is at least twice as large as its Nordic neighbors Finland, Norway and Denmark, the defense minister said.
Investments also are planned to strengthen Sweden's conventional submarine fleet in 2011-2014 to ensure security in the High North, Tolgfors said, especially because neighboring Denmark and Finland do not have a submarine capability.
Sweden's capital spending in 2011 will focus on five main programs: submarine modernization, tactical helicopters, the Armored Modular Vehicle (AMV), Archer artillery and the Gripen-NG projects. These carry a total cost of just under $8 billion.
"Fighter aircraft and submarines are vital elements in the defense of Sweden. We do not have hundreds of miles of land borders that we need to fear for. We do have hundreds of miles of coastline to protect," Tolgfors said.
The Navy's submarine fleet modernization program carries an estimated cost of $1.6 billion. The Navy will replace part of its existing sub fleet with next-generation submarines. There will also be a midlife upgrade for two Gotland-class submarines.
The Archer artillery program, which is being run jointly with Norway, and the Army's AMV project, will cost about $338 million. The Army will also place an order in 2011 for a new tactical helicopter type, while the Navy is acquiring a new signals ship.
The Gripen-NG program will include acquisition and installation of the Meteor active radar-guided, beyond-visual-range, air-to-air missile system

Russian Satellites Fail to Reach Orbit, Crash Into Pacific of Hawaii

MOSCOW - Three Russian satellites crashed into the Pacific on Dec. 5 after the rocket carrying them failed to reach orbit following their launch, the defense ministry said.

The rocket carrying the Glonass navigation satellites, Russia's answer to the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS), blasted off as planned from the Baikonur, Kazakhstan, cosmodrome at 1:25 p.m.

However, a second-stage booster rocket failed to carry its payload into orbit and is believed to have crashed into the Pacific of Hawaii, space industry sources told Russian news agencies.
"The ballistics experts have checked everything: the upper-stage rocket with the satellites is not on the main, intermediate nor emergency orbit," a source told the RIA Novosti news agency.
"Our calculations show that the upper-stage rocket with the satellites probably fell into the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii."
Interfax cited another source as saying that the satellites likely burned up in the atmosphere.
The Glonass system, developed by the Russian military in the 1980s, is being vaunted as Russia's answer to GPS and to Europe's fledgling Galileo system.
The three Glonass-M satellites, weighing 1.4 tons, were supposed to complete a constellation of satellites already put in place by Russia.
Russia's defense ministry confirmed the loss but said it would not affect the roll-out of the new positioning system.
"There are currently 26 satellites in the Glonass constellation, including two emergency satellites. This allows complete coverage of Russian Federation territory," the ministry said in a statement.
"The Russian space industry's capacity enables us to react rapidly to what's happened," it said, adding that the system would be fully in place next year.

Sunday, December 5

WASHINGTON: Pakistan’s army chief mused about forcing out President Asif Ali Zardari who has made preparations for a coup , leaked by US diplomatic cables said Tuesday.

Leaked cables: Pakistan army chief mused takeover

The latest tranche of memos, obtained by whistleblower site WikiLeaks and reported by The New York Times  also showed the United States was more concerned than it let on publicly about Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal.
General Ashfaq Kayani, chief of Pakistan’s powerful military, told the US ambassador during a March 2009 meeting that he “might, however reluctantly,”pressure Zardari to resign, according to a cable cited by the Times.
Kayani was quoted as saying that he might support Asfandyar Wali Khan, leader of the Awami National LeagueParty, as the new president — not Zardari’s arch-nemesis Nawaz Sharif.
In another cable quoted by both newspapers, US Vice President Joe Biden recounted to Britain’s then prime minister Gordon Brown a conversation with Zardari last year.
Zardari told him that Kayani and the Inter-Services Intelligence agency “will take me out,” according to the cable. The Guardian said the cables also showed that Zardari has made extensive preparations in case he is killed.
Zardari is the widower of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, who was assassinated in 2007. He took power in 2008, returning Pakistan to civilian leadership after nearly a decade under military ruler Pervez Musharraf.
Tensions between Zardari and the army are no secret, and Pakistan often witnesses coup rumors.
After Kayani met in September with Zardari and Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, the now-exiled Musharraf quipped: “I can assure you they were not discussing the weather.”
The cables also laid bare US frustrations at what officials see as Pakistan’s refusal to cut off ties with extremists such as Lashkar-e-Taiba, which is blamed for carrying out the bloody 2008 siege of Mumbai.
“There is no chance that Pakistan will view enhanced assistance levels in any field as sufficient compensation for abandoning support for these groups, which it sees as an important part of its national security apparatus against India,” Ambassador Anne Patterson said in a cable quoted by the Times.
The cables show that the United States was mindful of Pakistani sensitivities about cooperation — both on military action and on Islamabad’s prized nuclear arsenal.
One memo quoted by the Times said that 12 US Special Operations soldiers had deployed with Pakistani troops near the Afghan border.
The cables also touch on allegations of extrajudicial killings by Pakistani forces, according to the Times.
A cable last year suggested there was credible evidence that the Pakistani army or paramilitary forces killed some detainees after an offensive against Taliban insurgents in lawless northwestern regions.
The embassy said that news of killings should not be leaked to the press, for fear of offending the Pakistani army. However, this year the United States said it would cut off support for some Pakistani units following the release of a video that appeared to show extrajudicial killings.

Sunday, November 7

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Monday, November 1

South African ARMY


The South African military evolved within the tradition of frontier warfare fought by popular militias and small irregular commando forces, reinforced by the Afrikaners' historical distrust of large standing armies.
After the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910General Jan Smuts, the Union's first Minister of Defence, placed a high priority on creating a unified military out of the separate armies of the union's four provinces. The Defence Act (No. 13) of 1912 established a Union Defence Force (UDF) that included a Permanent Force (or standing army) of career soldiers, an Active Citizen Force (ACF) of temporaryconscripts and volunteers as well as a Cadet organization. The 1912 law also obligated all white males between seventeen and sixty years of age to serve in the military, but the law was not strictly enforced as there were a large number of volunteers. Instead, half of the white males aged from 17 to 25 were drafted by lots into the ACF.
Initially, the Permanent Force consisted of five regular mounted regiments and a small artillery section. In 1913 and 1914, the new 23,400-member Citizen Force was called on to suppress several industrial strikes on the Witwatersrand.

World War I

When World War I broke out in 1914, South Africa joined the Allies. General Louis Botha, the then prime minister, immediately sent an expeditionary force of 67,000 troops to invade German South-West Africa (now Namibia), despite widespread Afrikaner opposition. The German troops stationed there eventually surrendered to the South African forces in July 1915. (In 1920 South Africa received a League of Nations mandate to govern the former German colony and to prepare it for independence within a few years.)
Later, an infantry brigade and various other supporting units were shipped to France in order to fight on the Western Front. The 1st South African Brigade - as this infantry brigade was named - consisted of four infantry battalions, representing men from all four provinces of theUnion of South Africa as well as Rhodesia: the 1st Regiment was from the Cape Province, the 2nd Regiment was from Natal and theOrange Free State and the 3rd Regiment was from Transvaal and Rhodesia. The 4th Regiment was called the South African Scottish and was raised from members of the Transvaal Scottish and the Cape Town Highlanders; they wore the Atholl Murray tartan.
The supporting units included five batteries of heavy artillery, a field ambulance unit, a Royal Engineers signals company and a military hospital.
The most costly action that the South African forces on the Western Front fought in was the Battle of Delville Wood in 1916 - of the 3,000 men from the brigade who entered the wood, only 768 emerged unscathed.
Another tragic loss of life for the South African forces during the war was the Mendi sinking on 21 February 1917, when the troopship Mendi - while transporting 607 members of the 802nd South African Native Labour Corps from Britain to France - was struck and cut almost in half by another ship.
In addition, the war against the German and Askari forces in German East Africa also involved more than 20,000 South African troops; they fought under General Jan Smuts's command when he directed the British campaign against there in 1915. (During the war, the army was led by General Smuts, who had rejoined the army from his position as Minister of Defence on the outbreak of the war.)
South Africans also saw action with the Cape Corps in Palestine.
More than 146,000 whites, 83,000 blacks and 2,500 people of mixed race ("coloureds") and Asians served in South African military units during the war, including 43,000 in German South-West Africa and 30,000 on the Western Front. An estimated 3,000 South Africans also joined the Royal Flying Corps.
The total South African casualties during the war was about 18,600 with over 12,452 killed - more than 4,600 in the European theater alone.

The Interwar Period

Wartime casualties and postwar demobilization weakened the UDF. New legislation in 1922 re-established conscription for white males over the age of 21 for four years of military training and service. UDF troops assumed internal security tasks in South Africa and quelled several revolts against South African domination in South-West Africa. South Africans suffered high casualties, especially in 1922, when an independent group of Khoikhoi - known as the Bondelswart-Herero for the black bands that they wore into battle - led one of numerous revolts; in 1925, when a mixed-race population - the Basters - demanded cultural autonomy and political independence; and in 1932, when the Ovambo (Vambo) population along the border with Angola demanded an end to South African domination.
As a result of its conscription policies, the UDF increased its active-duty forces to 56,000 by the late 1930s; 100,000 men also belonged to the National Riflemen's Reserve, which provided weapons training and practice.

World War II

South Africa's contribution to World War II consisted mainly of supplying troops, men and material for the North African and Italiancampaigns. Numerous volunteers also flew for the Royal Air Force.
The South African 1st Infantry Division took part in several actions in North Africa in 1941 and 1942, including the Battle of El Alamein, before being withdrawn to South Africa.
The South African 2nd Infantry Division also took part in a number of actions in North Africa during 1942, but on 21 June 1942 two complete infantry brigades of the division as well as most of the supporting units were captured at the fall of Tobruk.
The South African 3rd Infantry Division never took an active part in any battles but instead organised and trained the South African home defence forces, performed garrison duties and supplied replacements for the South African 1st Infantry Division and the South African 2nd Infantry Division. However, one of this division's constituent brigades - 7 SA Motorised Brigade - did take part in the invasion ofMadagascar in 1942.
The South African 6th Armoured Division fought in numerous actions in Italy from 1944 to 1945.
Of the 334,000 men volunteered for full time service in the South African Army during the war (including some 211,000 whites, 77,000 blacks and 46,000 "coloureds" and Asians), nearly 9,000 were killed in action.

The Postwar Period

Wartime expansion was again followed by rapid demobilization after World War II. By then, a century of Anglo-Boer clashes followed by decades of growing British influence in South Africa had fueled Afrikaner resentment. Resurgent Afrikaner nationalism was an important factor in the growth of the National Party (NP) as the 1948 elections approached.
After the narrow election victory by the NP in 1948, the government began the steady Afrikanerization of the military; it expanded military service obligations and enforced conscription laws more strictly. Most UDF conscripts underwent three months of Citizen Force training in their first year of service, and an additional three weeks of training each year for four years after that. The Defence Act (No. 44) of 1957renamed the UDF the South African Defence Force (SADF) and established within it some quick-reaction units, or Commandos, to respond to localized threats. The SADF, numbering about 20,000 in 1958, would grow to almost 80,000 in the next two decades.

The 'Border War' (1966 - 1989)

The 1960s ushered in a new era in military history. South Africa's growing international isolation and the intensified black resistance to apartheid prompted the government to increase military service obligations repeatedly and to extend periods of active duty. The Defence Act (No. 12) of 1961 authorized the minister of defense to deploy Citizen Force troops and Commandos for riot control, often to quell anti-apartheid demonstrations. The Defence Act (No. 85) of 1967 also expanded military obligations, requiring white male citizens to perform national service, including an initial period of training, a period of active duty, and several years in reserve status, subject to immediate call-up.
From 1966 to 1989 the SADF fought a counter-insurgency campaign against Marxist SWAPO rebels in South-West Africa (Namibia). They also carried out operations in support of UNITA rebels in Angola and against the Cuban troops that supported the communistAngolan government.
As the military expanded during the 1970s, the SADF general staff was organized into six sections - finance, intelligence, logistics, operations, personnel, and planning; uniquely, the South African Medical Service (SAMS) was made co-equal with the South African Army, the South African Navy and the South African Air Force. Also during the 1970s, the SADF began accepting "non-whites" and women into the military as career soldiers, not only as temporary volunteers or reservists; however, the former served in segregated units while the latter were not assigned to combat roles. By the end of the 1970s, the army had become the principal defender of the apartheid regime against the rising tide of African nationalism in South Africa and the region.
During the 1980s, the legal requirements for national service were to register for service at age sixteen and to report for duty when called up, which usually occurred at some time after a man's eighteenth birthday. National service obligations could be fulfilled by volunteering for active-duty military service for two years and by serving in the reserves, generally for ten or twelve years. Reservists generally underwent fifty days per year of active duty or training, after their initial period of service.
The requirements for national service changed several times during the 1980s and the early 1990s in response to national security needs, and they were suspended in 1993.

The current South African Army

Though non-white personnel did serve as unarmed labourers with the army in both World Wars, and a number of units were completely desegregated during the Border War, it was not until 1994 - when South Africa achieved full democracy - that the army as a whole was made open to all races. Today the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) has racial quotas to make sure that White, Black, Coloured, and Indian South Africans are equally represented in the armed forces.
Most of the post-1994 military involvement of the South African Army has been with peacekeeping operations under United Nations andAfrican Union command in other African countries such as Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.



  • Star 9mm automatic pistol (being replaced)
  • Vektor R4 5.56mm assault rifle replaced the R1 (license-built FN FAL) 7.62mm assault rifle.
  • Vektor R5 and R6 assault rifles (shortened barrel R4)
  • Uzi 9mm light-weight submachine gun
  • Vektor SS-77 5.56mm general purpose lightweight machine gun replaced the 7.62mm FN MAG
  • Milkor MGL Mk-1 six round 40mm grenade launcher
  • A new lightweight Anti-tank guided missile launcher replacing the RPG-7

Combat vehicles


  • GV6 155 mm self-propelled howitzer (20)
  • GV5 155 mm howitzer (75) replaced the G4 155 mm gun and the G2 140 mm gun
  • A new light 105 mm gun (G7) is being phased in, replacing the G1 88 mm gun
  • Bateleur 127 mm 40 tube multiple rocket launcher
  • Valkiri-22 24 tube self-propelled multiple rocket launcher

Non-combat vehicles

  • Mamba and RG-32 Nyala Mine protected vehicles replacing 1,500 Buffels and Casspirs.
  • SAMIL 20 an (upgraded Magirus Deutz 130M7FAL) 4x4 truck
  • SAMIL 50 an (upgraded Magirus Deutz 192D12AL) 4x4 truck
  • SAMIL 100 an (upgraded Magirus Deutz 320D22AL) 6x6 truck